1 the quality of being very good indeed; "the inn is distinguished by the fineness of its cuisine" [syn: choiceness]
2 the property of being very narrow or thin; "he marvelled at the fineness of her hair" [syn: thinness]
3 having a very fine texture; "the fineness of the sand on the beach" [syn: powderiness]
4 the quality of being beautiful and delicate in appearance; "the daintiness of her touch"; "the fineness of her features" [syn: daintiness, delicacy]
- The ratio, in a precious metal, of the primary metal to any additives or impurities.
- The ratio of a ship's length to her beam.
The fineness of a precious metal refers to the ratio of the primary metal to any additives or impurities. Most precious metal is used in the form of an alloy. Other metals are added to increase hardness, to make the metal more practical for use in such items as coins and jewelry, or to decrease the cost of the alloy. For example, copper is added to the precious metal silver to make a more durable alloy for use in coins, housewares and jewelry.
A traditional measure for the fineness of silver in Britain is the mass of the amount of silver in 12 troy ounces of the resulting alloy. Britannia silver has a fineness of 11 troy ounces, 10 pennyweights, or about 95.83% silver, whereas sterling silver has a fineness of 11 troy ounces, 2 pennyweights, or about 92.5% silver.
In other locations fineness is measured in units of mass per thousand. In the United States, silver coins often had a fineness of 900, meaning 90% silver and 10% copper.
The fineness (or purity) of gold is commonly measured in carats or karats. The upper end of the scale is 24 carat for 100%. Thus 18 carat = 18/24% = 75%.
fineness in German: Feingehalt
fineness in Slovak: Rýdzosť